Yalta Conference, 1945
The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference, took place in the Livadia Palace near Yalta in Crimea from February 4–11, 1945. It was the World War II meeting of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.
At Yalta was discussed Europe’s post-war reorganization and were made some important decisions about the future progress of the war and the postwar world.
Yalta was the second of three wartime conferences among the Big Three. It was preceded by the Sevastopol Conference in 1942 and the Tehran Conference in 1943, and was followed by the Potsdam Conference in July 1945.
Among the most important decisions at Yalta Coneference were the next ones:
- 1 After the war, Germany and Berlin would be split into four occupied zones. Germany would undergo demilitarization and denazification.
- 2 Nazi war criminals were to be hunted down and brought to justice.
- 3 Germany should assume the major part of responsibility for reparations following the war.
- 4 The future governments of the Eastern European nations bordering the Soviet Union should be friendly to the Soviet regime.
- 5 Free elections in all territories liberated from Nazi Germany should be allowed.
- 6 Some important decisions about the future of United Nations were made.
- 7 Roosevelt obtained a commitment by Stalin to participate in the U.N.
- 8 The status of Poland was discussed. The communist Provisional Government of the Republic of Poland was reorganized.
- 9 The Polish eastern border would follow the Curzon Line, and Poland would receive territorial compensation in the West from Germany.