Tiger I is a German heavy tank was used in World War II. The final official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen(PzKpfw) VI Tiger Ausf. E, often shortened to Tiger. The first Tiger I, was constructed on July 1942. It was robably the most famous tank of World War II. The first time the Tiger was put into action was on September 23rd, 1942 at Mga, southeast of Leningrad.
Tiger was designed and constructed by Henschel, but only 1,347 models were built between August 1942 and August 1944. It was very expensive for the German economy of that period, due to rare materials and labour-intensive production methods. Also, Tiger I was very expensive to maintain, difficult to transport, and vulnerable to bad weather conditions, especially on the Eastern Front.
However, it was an outstanding example of heavy tank. 120 mm frontal armour was practically invulnerable for any antitank weapon of that time. Turret was equipped with 56-calibre long 88 mm KwK 36 gun, which was deadly for any enemy tank. Its piercing capacinty was unbelievable. Many enemy tanks were knocked out at ranges more than 4.0 kilometres (2.5 mi).
Tigers were used by many German aces such Otto Carius and Michael Wittmann. Some of them made over 100 vehicle kills. Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger remains as a symbol of German Panzer formations of World War II.