The history of battleship Yamato
Yamato was a battleship of the Japanese Imperial Navy during World War II. This sea monster was the biggest battleship in history with its length of 263 meters (862 ft. 10 inches) and the weight of 71,659 tonnes. It was laid down in 1937 at the Kure Naval Arsenal and was commissioned in December 1941.
This giant with its sister ship Musashi were constructed to oppose the battleship fleet of United States, which was numerically larger comparative to Japanese one. Yamato had a most powerful artillery armament and the most solid armour of any ship of that time.
Theoretically, this super-heavy battleship should destroy any enemy ship with its large caliber naval artillery. It sounds ironic, but Yamato’s main weakness consisted in its strength. It was very slow ship, very vulnerable to air attacks from aircraft carriers. Yamato’s big guns couldn’t reach at them, because carriers operated on major distances.
The battle history of Yamato was not so long and epic. Until June 1942 it served as flagship of Japanese Fleet and didn’t take part in battles. Yamato formally participated in Battle of Midway, but didn’t play a role in this disastrous for Japanese Fleet battle. First time Yamato fired its main guns only in October 1944 during the Battle of Leyte Gulf near Philipinnes, but it didn’t sink any enemy ship.
Battle career of Yamato came to an end on 7 April 1945, when it was sunk by American carrier-based bombers and torpedo bombers with loss an estimated 3,055 of its 3,332 crew. The Yamato ’s last resting place lies 180 miles southwest of Kyushu under 340 metres (1,120 ft) of water in two main pieces.