The first plastic surgery operations
The First World War was one of the most destructive and violent wars. At least 2 million people were killed in the war, and the number of people affected was much more. At that time, many people returned home unharmed, ye many others returned home wounded and mutilated.
But the work of the British doctor Harold Gillis allowed many of them to a normal life again. Harold Gillies was a doctor and a soldier in the First World War, he served in France. During his stay there, he witnessed the first efforts of the Franco-American dentist to repair the teeth of soldiers who were wounded by bullets.
In 1917 he returned to England, where he persuaded the members of the military committee to open the facial department at Cambridge Military Hospital. Hospital could contain more of 1000 patients with facial injuries, and all the seats fill up quickly.
During the following years, Gillies and his colleagues have developed a practice of modern plastic surgery. They performed more than 11,000 operations in 5000 soldiers who were mutilated during the war.
Many people consider that Gillis is father of plastic surgery. Many of his techniques used for many years. In 1930 he was knighted for his work.