The cultural revolution, 1966

In 1958, Chairman Mao believed that China’s citizens were becoming increasingly smarter and were acquiring too much power.

As a result of this belief, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in an attempt to protect himself from potential opposition. He revolted against anyone who was associated with his enemy, Liu Shao-chi.

A group of youths then formed the Red Guards and they encouraged people in China to criticize anyone who did not find Mao to be a trustworthy leader. The Cultural Revolution resulted in the mass murder of 8 million people.