Nelson Mandela, the first black president
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in South Africa and died on December 5, 2013. He was a black nationalist and the first black president of South Africa from 1994 till 1999.
His negotiations in the early 1990’s with South African pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system of racial segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993 for their efforts.