Martin Luther King receiving Nobel Peace Prize in 1964

African American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America on 14 October 1964. At 35 years of age, the Georgia-born minister was the youngest person ever to receive the award.

He was born in Atlanta, 1929, as the son of a Baptist minister. He received a doctorate degree in theology and in 1955 organized the first major protest of the civil rights movement: The successful Montgomery Bus Boycott.

Influenced by Mohandas Gandhi, he advocated nonviolent civil disobedience to racial segregation. The peaceful protests he led throughout the American South were often met with violence, but King and his followers persisted, and their nonviolent movement gained momentum.

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