Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken glass in 1938

On the night of 9th November, 1938, a massive, coordinated attack on Jews throughout the German Reich occurred. The attack was known as Kristallnacht or The Night of Broken Glass.

In two days, over 250 synagogues were burned, over 7,000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted, and dozens of Jewish people were killed. The reason of this attack was the Germans anger over the assassination of a German official in Paris at the hands of a Jewish teenager.


A worker clearing broken glass of a Jewish shop following the anti-Jewish riots of Kristallnacht in Berlin. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

FILE - In this Nov. 9, 1938 file photo, firefighters are seen at the Fasanenstrasse synagogue, Berlin's biggest house of Jewish worship, after Nazis set fire to it in anti-Jewish demonstrations held throughout Germany. As Germany celebrated the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall on Monday, Nov. 9, 2009 more subdued tributes were held to mark the 71st anniversary of the Nazi's Kristallnacht anti-Semitic pogrom. (AP Photo, File)


A Berlin-Tieregarten, le 10 novembre 1938, dans la Potsdamer Strasse, les commercants juifs enlèvent les traces du pogrom de la nuit (photographie exposée au centre d'information du mémorial aux juifs assassinés d'Europe (Berlin)