Kokoda Track Campaign, 1942
The Kokoda Track campaign or Kokoda Trail campaign consisted of a series of battles fought from July until November 1942 in the territory of Papua between Japanese and Allied (primarily Australian) forces as part of the Pacific War of World War II.
The struggle began with the Japanese landing in Papua in July 1942 and lasted four months. The Japanese Army planned to take Port Moresby through the mountains of the Owen Stanley Range.
The battle was fought in extraordinarily difficult terrain and the extreme conditions in which the battles would be fought. The participants had very long and difficult supply lines. The jungle warfare tactics were not effective developed. The weather conditions were horrible and beyond the human possibilities.
There were many intense engagements between the Japanese and the Australians at Kokoda, Deniki, Isurava, Eora, Efogi, Templeton’s Crossing, Ioribaiwa and Oivi-Gorari. Nearly 120,000 people participated in this campaign as combatants or supporting of fighting troops. After several difficult and costly battles, the Japanese were pushed back over the mountains, and couldn’t reach Port Moresby.
Nearly 625 Australians were killed and 1,600 were wounded. Japanese had lost approximately 6,500 soldiers.It was perhaps the most significant battle fought by Australians in World War II.