Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935

Italo-Ethiopian War was an armed conflict that resulted with Ethiopia’s subjection to Italian rule. Often seen as one of the episodes that prepared the way for World War II, the war demonstrated the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations when League decisions were not supported by the great powers.

Ethiopia which Italy had unsuccessfully tried to conquer in the 1890’s, was in 1934 one of the few independent states in a European-dominated Africa.  A border incident between Ethiopia and Italian Somaliland that December gave Benito Mussolini an excuse to intervene. Rejecting all arbitration offers, the Italians invaded Ethiopia on October 3, 1935.

Under Generals Rodolfo Graziani and Pietro Badoglio, the invading forces steadily pushed back the ill-armed and poorly trained Ethiopian army, winning a major victory near Lake Ascianghi on April 9, 1936, and taking the capital, Addis Ababa, on May 5.

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