The Evolution of the Computer Since 1936

A computer is a general-purpose device that can be programmed to carry out a set of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. In the timeline below you’ll see the evolution of these devices and their capabilities starting in 1936.

 

First binary computer Z1, by Konrad Zuse, 1936

First binary computer Z1, built by Konrad Zuse, 1936.

 

Z1, 1936

Z1, 1936.

The Atanasoff Berry Computer, later named the ABC, built from 1939-1942

The Atanasoff Berry Computer, later named the ABC, built from 1939-1942.

Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper - Harvard Mark I computer, 1944.

Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper – The Harvard Mark I computer, 1944.

John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly -  ENIAC 1 Computer, 1946 .

John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly – ENIAC 1 Computer, 1946.

Frederic C. Williams and Tom Kilburn - Manchester Baby Computer, 1948 .

Frederic C. Williams and Tom Kilburn – Manchester Baby Computer, 1948 .

Univac computer, 1951.

Univac computer, 1951.

 IBM 701 EDPM Computer, 1953.

IBM 701 EDPM Computer, 1953.

ERMA MICR (Electronic Recording Machine, Accounting and magnetic ink character recognition), 1955

ERMA&MICR (Electronic Recording Machine Accounting and Magnetic Ink Character Recognition), 1955.