Dekemvriana- the beginning of Greek Civil War
These photos were made by Dmitri Kessel in early December 1944, when the shootings on the participants of demonstration in Athens were taking place. These events were later called Dekemvriana (Greek- the December events).
The origins of greek Civil War drag on the occupation of Greece during World War II by Nazi Germany, Bulgaria and Italy from April 1941 to late October 1944. In October 1944, when German Forces had left Greece, and all territories were liberated by Greek partisans, British Forces arrived in Greece.
Allies wanted to reinstate the King Georg II who was previously escaped in Egypt and had been there in exile.
Meanwhile, the government under the leadership of Georgios Papandreou was created. As a result, a confrontation between three political sides (republicans, communists and monarchists) had been set.
The general strike and demonstration was organized in Athens on December 3. British tanks with local police units had blocked the streets. Fire opened on the crowd from policemen and from government buildings.
More than 28 demonstrators were killed, and 148 were injured. This signaled the beginning of the “Dekemvrianá”, a 37-day period of full-scale fighting in Athens. Greece entered the Civil War.
Here you can find photos on Greek Civil War