Battle of Jutland, 1916

The largest naval battle and the only full-scale clash of the battleships in World War I was the battle of Jutland.

It was fought from 31 May to 1 June, 1916 in the North Sea, near the coast of Denmark’s Jutland Peninsula between British Royal Navy’s Grand Fleet and Imperial German Navy’s High Seas Fleet. At the end, Britain had a strategic victory.

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HMS Hood (pennant number 51) was the last battle cruiser built for the Royal Navy. Commissioned in 1920, she was named after the 18th-century Admiral Samuel Hood. Hood operated in World War II and was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck in 1941. One of four Admiral-class battle cruisers ordered in mid-1916, her design — although drastically revised after the Battle of Jutland and improved while she was under construction—still had serious limitations. For this reason she was the only ship of her class to be completed. Hood was involved in a number of showing the flag exercises between her commissioning in 1920 and the outbreak of war in 1939, including training exercises in the Mediterranean Sea and a circumnavigation of the globe with the Special Service Squadron in 1923 and 1924. She was attached to the Mediterranean Fleet following the outbreak of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. When the Spanish Civil War broke out, Hood was officially assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet until she had to return to England in 1939 for an overhaul. By this time, advances in naval gunnery had reduced Hood's usefulness. She was scheduled to undergo a major rebuild in 1941 to correct these issues, but the outbreak of World War II in September 1939 forced the ship into service without the upgrades. "Seventy one years ago in the early hours of 24 May 1941 His Majesty's Ship HOOD was destroyed in action and 1,415 of her ship's company died with her in the cold waters of the Atlantic Ocean.

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