Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by Third Reich in Polish areas annexed by Nazi Germany during World War II.
Auschwitz I was first constructed to hold Polish political prisoners, who began to arrive in May 1940. The first extermination of prisoners took place in September 1941, and Auschwitz II–Birkenau went on to become a major site of the Nazi “Final solution to the Jewish question”.
During its years of usage 1940-1945, in this camps minimum 1,100,000 people lost their lives.